Rain sensors work off of an entirely different circuit than the zones do, so I would think it would certainly be very possible for a triggered rain sensor to affect only a handful of zones. However I am no developer so I can't say how easy of a feature this would be to build out. Plus the how of it could be done in several different ways. It could completely disable a zone until the sensor is deactivated, or perhaps have the zones in question removed from any/all schedules, etc.
That being said, the rain skip feature should handle this problem for you without the need for a rain sensor in the first place.